Speech understanding
Subjects & tests
Predicted results
Hypotheses & rationale

Auditory agnosia
Asphyxia at birth
Human infants
Functional MRI
Fetal alcohol syndrome
fMRI of language processing
Trophic transmitters
Longterm outcome
Myelin maturation
Learning to speak
Kanner autism
Metabolism in the brain
Vasodilation response
The Bohr effect
Circulatory arrest
Brainstem damage
Thiamine deficiency
Autism & prenatal alcohol
Autism & valproic acid
Autism & infections
Autism & PKU
Autism & genetic disorders
Autism & medical disorders
Autism & perinatal problems
Deafness and/or auditory agnosia following injury of the inferior colliculi:
1.        Jani NN, Laureno R, Mark AS, Brewer CC. Deafness after bilateral midbrain
contusion: A correlation of magnetic resonance imaging with auditory brain stem evoked
responses. Neurosurgery 1991;29:106-109.
2.        Meyer B, Kral T, Zentner J. Pure word deafness after resection of a tectal plate
glioma with preservation of wave V of brain stem auditory evoked potentials. J Neurol
Neurosurg Psychiatry 1996;61:423–424.
3.        Hu CJ, Chan KY, Lin TJ, Hsiao SH, Chang YM, Sung SM. Traumatic brainstem
deafness with normal brainstem auditory evoked potentials. Neurology 1997;48:1448–1451.
4.        Johkura K, Matsumoto S, Hasegawa O, Kuroiwa I. Defective auditory recognition
after small hemorrhage in the inferior colliculi. J Neurol Sci 1998;161:91–96.
5.        Masuda S, Takeuchi K, Tsuruoka H, Ukai K, Sakakura Y. Word deafness after
resection of a pineal body tumor in the presence of normal wave latencies of the auditory
brain stem response. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2000;109:1107–1112.
6.        Vitte E, Tankéré F, Bernat I, Zouaoui A, Lamas G, Soudant J. Midbrain deafness
with normal brainstem auditory evoked potentials. Neurology 2002;58:970–973.
7.        Hoistad DL, Hain TC. Central hearing loss with a bilateral inferior colliculus lesion.
Audiol Neurootol 2003;8:111-113.
8.        Musiek FE, Charette L, Morse D, Baran JA. Central deafness associated with a
midbrain lesion. J Am Acad Audiol 2004; 15:133-151.
9.        Pan CL, Kuo MF, Hsieh ST. Auditory agnosia caused by a tectal germinoma.
Neurology. 2004 Dec 28;63(12):2387-9.
10.      Kimiskidis VK, Lalaki P, Papagiannopoulos S, Tsitouridis I, Tolika T, Serasli E, Kazis
D, Tsara V, Tsalighopoulos MG, Kazis A. Sensorineural hearing loss and word deafness
caused by a mesencephalic lesion: clinicoelectrophysiologic correlations. Otol Neurotol.
2004 Mar;25(2):178-82.
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