Damage of the inferior colliculi caused by asphyxia at birth

Speech understanding
Subjects & tests
Predicted results
Hypotheses & rationale

Auditory agnosia
Asphyxia at birth
Human infants
Functional MRI
Fetal alcohol syndrome
fMRI of language processing
Trophic transmitters
Longterm outcome
Myelin maturation
Learning to speak
Kanner autism
Metabolism in the brain
Vasodilation response
The Bohr effect
Circulatory arrest
Brainstem damage
Thiamine deficiency
Autism & prenatal alcohol
Autism & valproic acid
Autism & infections
Autism & PKU
Autism & genetic disorders
Autism & medical disorders
Autism & perinatal problems
11.        Myers RE (1972) Two patterns of perinatal brain damage and their conditions of
occurrence.  American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 112:246-276.
12.        Ranck JB, Windle WF (1959). Brain damage in the monkey, Macaca mulatta, by
asphyxia neonatorum.  Experimental Neurology 1:130-154.
Damage of the inferior colliculi observed in human infants
13.        Gilles FH (1963) Selective symmetrical neuronal necrosis of certain brain stem
tegmental nuclei in temporary cardiac standstill.  J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 1963;22:318,
14.        Norman MG (1972) Antenatal neuronal loss and gliosis of the reticular formation,
thalamus, and hypothalamus. A report of three cases. Neurology (Minneapolis) 22:910-916.
15.        Griffiths AD, Laurence KM (1974) The effect of hypoxia and hypoglycemia on the
brain of the newborn human infant. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
16.        Grunnet ML, Curless RG, Bray PF, Jung AL (1974) Brain changes in newborns
from an intensive care unit. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 16:320-328.
17.        Smith JF, Rodeck C (1975) Multiple cystic and focal encephalomalacia in infancy
and childhood with brain stem damage. Journal of the neurological sciences 25:377-88
18.        Schneider H, Ballowitz L, Schachinger H, Hanefield F, Droeszus J-U (1975) Anoxic
encephalopathy with predominant involvement of basal ganglia, brain stem, and spinal cord
in the perinatal period. Acta Neuropathologica (Berlin) 32:287-298.
19.        Leech RW, Alvord EC (1977) Anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in the human
neonatal period, the significance of brain stem involvement. Archives of Neurology
20.        Roland EH, Hill A, Norman MG, Flodmark O, MacNab AJ (1988) Selective
brainstem injury in an asphyxiated newborn. Annals of Neurology 23:89-92.
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21.        Natsume J, Watanabe K, Kuno K, Hayakawa F, Hashizume Y (1995)
Clinical, neurophysiologic, and neuropathological features of an infant with
brain damage of total asphyxia type (Myers). Pediatric Neurology 13:61-64.
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Research Proposal