Autism and prenatal exposure to valproic acid or thalidomide

Speech understanding
Subjects & tests
Predicted results
Hypotheses & rationale

Auditory agnosia
Asphyxia at birth
Human infants
Functional MRI
Fetal alcohol syndrome
fMRI of language processing
Trophic transmitters
Longterm outcome
Myelin maturation
Learning to speak
Kanner autism
Metabolism in the brain
Vasodilation response
The Bohr effect
Circulatory arrest
Brainstem damage
Thiamine deficiency
Autism & prenatal alcohol
Autism & valproic acid
Autism & infections
Autism & PKU
Autism & genetic disorders
Autism & medical disorders
Autism & perinatal problems
79.        Christianson AL, Chesler N, and Kromberg JGR (1994) Fetal valproate syndrome:  
clinical and neuro-developmental features in two sibling pairs.  Developmental Medicine and
Child Neurology 36:357-369.
80.        Williams G, King J, Cunningham M, Stephan M, Kerr B, Hersh JH. (2001) Fetal
valproate syndrome and autism: additional evidence of an association. Developmental
Medicine and Child Neurology 43:202-206.
81.        Stromland K, Nordin V, Miller M, Akerstrom B, and Gillberg C (1994) Autism in
thalidomide embryopathy: a population study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Autism and infection
82.        Desmond MM, Montgomery JR, Melnick JL, Cochran GG, Verniaud W (1969)
Congenital rubella encephalitis. Effects on growth and early development. American
Journal of Diseases of Children 118:30-31.
83.        Chess S (1971) Autism in children with congenital rubella. Journal of Autism and
Childhood Schizophrenia 1:33-47.
84.        Chess S, Fernandez P, Korn S. (1978) Behavioral consequences of congenital
rubella. Journal of Pediatrics. 93:699-703.
85.        Townsend JJ et al. (1975) Progressive rubella panencephalistis: Late onset after
congenital rubella. New England Journal of Medicine 292:990.
86.        Weil et al. (1975) Chronic progressive panencephalitis due to rubella virus
simulating subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. New England Journal of Medicine 292:994
87.        deLong GR, Bean SC, Brown FR (1981) Acquired reversible autistic syndrome in
acute encephalopathic illness in children. Archives of Neurology 38:191-194
88.        Gillberg C (1986) Brief report: onset at age 14 of a typical autistic syndrome. A
case report of a girl with herpes simplex encephalitis. Journal of Autism and Developmental
Disorders 16: 369-375.
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