Speech understanding
Subjects & tests
Predicted results
Hypotheses & rationale

Auditory agnosia
Asphyxia at birth
Human infants
Functional MRI
Fetal alcohol syndrome
fMRI of language processing
Trophic transmitters
Longterm outcome
Myelin maturation
Learning to speak
Kanner autism
Metabolism in the brain
Vasodilation response
The Bohr effect
Circulatory arrest
Brainstem damage
Thiamine deficiency
Autism & prenatal alcohol
Autism & valproic acid
Autism & infections
Autism & PKU
Autism & genetic disorders
Autism & medical disorders
Autism & perinatal problems
Autism associated with phenylketonuria (PKU)
95.        Lowe TL, Tanaka K, Seashore MR, Young JG, Cohen DJ (1980). Detection of
phenylketonuria in autistic and psychotic children. Journal of the American Medical
Association 243:126-128.
96.        Williams RS, Hauser S, Purpura DP, deLong GR, Swisher CN (1980) Autism and
mental retardation: Neuropathologic studies performed in four retarded persons with autistic
behavior. Archives of Neurology 37:748-753.
97.        Chen CH, Hsiao KJ (1989) A Chinese classic phenylketonuria manifested as
autism. British Journal of Psychiatry 155:251-3
98.        Miladi N, Larnaout A, Kaabachi N, Helayem M, Ben Hamida M (1992)
Phenylketonuria: an underlying etiology of autistic syndrome. A case report. Journal of
Child Neurology 7:22-23.
99.        Leuzzi V, Trasimeni G, Gualdi GF, Antonozzi I (1995) Biochemical, clinical and
neuroradiological (MRI) correlations in late-detected PKU patients. Journal of Inherited
Metabolic Disease 18:624-634.
Autism associated with other genetic disorders
100.        Jaeken J, Van den Berghe G. (1984) An infantile autistic syndrome characterised
by the presence of succinylpurines in body fluids. Lancet. Nov 10;2(8411):1058-61.
101.        Bolton PF, Park RJ, Higgins JN, Griffiths PD, Pickles A. (2002) Neuro-epileptic
determinants of autism spectrum disorders in tuberous sclerosis complex. Brain
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